Penny Stocks Risks

The first point to remember is that large market cap stocks are likely to be registered on a national stock exchange such as NASDAQ. The reason for this is that when large volumes and amount are involved, which by definition is true for a large market cap stock, it is extremely difficult to get all that trade done outside a stock exchange. Although it is theoretically possible for a large stock to be traded on Pink Sheets and OTCBB, it will be difficult to sustain high volumes on these, because many people, who trade on recognized stock exchanges, may not trade in these stocks, particularly in large volumes.

Registration with a stock exchange involves a number of formalities that have to be complied with. These formalities are aimed at making the whole process more transparent so that the investor has access to relevant information. The availability of information helps you to verify the facts and also to check out on the soundness of the company more thoroughly. When these are missing you are operating under insufficient information and therefore are exposed to higher risk. Thus stock exchange registration by itself reduces the risk involved in investment.

Apart from this, there are other reasons why a penny stock is more risky than large market cap stocks.

Stocks registered with a recognized stock exchange are required to maintain minimum standards. These include requirements such as

Minimum number of publicly traded shares – this should be 1.1 million shares in the case of NASDAQ. The publicly held shares should also be a minimum of 10% of the total shares of the company.
Minimum Shareholder Equity
Minimum Operating income
Availability of market makers
The specified minimum amount should be available in assets, total revenue and listed securities.

There are many such requirements that a company has to meet in order to stay registered with the stock exchange. Basically, these requirements ensure that the stocks are widely held, and the company is running properly. These safeguards make the listed stocks less risky than unlisted ones, which do not have to follow any such requirements.

Penny stocks also generally do not have a history behind them, and suffer from low liquidity position. They have less room to maneuver. Because they are more risky and less preferred they will also have difficulty in raising money for new ventures or expansion. In some cases they may have difficulty in raising money even for operations. Companies generally raise money by borrowing or raising new capital. The amount that can be borrowed is limited for a given equity base. Suppose the company has $100,000 in capital, lenders may be willing to lend $200,000 or some such amount. If the company wants to borrow more money, it will have to first increase its capital base. This is more difficult in the case of penny stocks.

Finally, it might not be equally easy to find buyers in the case of penny stocks particularly if you have a large number of them. This will affect your own liquidity in the short term and also make it difficult to offload these stocks if the going is not too good.

These are some of the reasons why a penny stock is considered more risky. However, penny stocks have their brighter side too. They can give you much higher returns. We’ll see how this is possible in the next article.

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Rules on penny stocks

Introduction to Penny Stock: The common understanding about penny stock in financial market of US is a kind of stock trading outside major stock exchanges. The major stock exchanges in US are NYSE and NASDAQ where the major stock trading takes place. For a beginner, the investment in penny stock may be a good option but at the same time he or she should understand all the related terms and the rules associated with penny stocks.

SEC Definition on Penny Stocks: Although the definition provided by the Securities and Exchange Commission is open with respect to the trading of penny stocks, these are generally not traded in NYSE or NASDAQ. There is a rare chance that these will be traded at any foreign exchange, however the Securities and Exchange Commission has put the higher ceiling of $5.0 for these speculative stocks.

US Securities and Exchange Commission: The mission and aim of the US Securities and Exchange Commission is to protect the investors from fraud, scam or other type of misappropriation. The commission is also ensure that the markets are efficient and fair. The commission also facilitates capital formation. The commission encourages more and more investors to get benefit from the share markets. It is one of the pillars for improving the economy of United States that will result more healthy opportunities for employment and better health and living standards for common people of United States.

The role of the commission is not limited to ensure proper protection of investors but it is also responsible for framing various rules and guidelines for smooth functioning of stock exchanges. It also lay guidelines for companies desirous to collect money from the market and strictly monitor the financial and other activities of such companies. It also ensures that the companies are taking care of their investors according to the rules and guidelines.

SEC Rules on Penny Stocks: As per the rules laid down by SEC, a broker or dealer is required to approve the customer desirous to sell the penny stock before the transaction. The broker should also get a written request from such customer.

SEC rules that a customer desirous to purchase a penny stock should be provided a document mentioning the risk involved in the penny stock. The broker or dealer should also inform the customer the current market rate of the penny stock and the commission that will be charged by the broker.

SEC further rules that a monthly statement of the account showing the current market rates of each penny stock held by the customer in his or her account should be send to the customer.

Summary: Penny stocks are governed by certain rules and regulation as lay down by SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission of US). The brokers and dealers should mandatory follow the instructions otherwise they are liable for punishment. The SEC rules provide protection of investors from fraud or misappropriation and dealers should also inform the investor about the current market rate and dealers commission before selling the stock.

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Penny Stocks: Aren’t All Penny Stocks a Scam?

Most Internet e-mail users have been subject to penny stock scams. There are more than fifty billion spam messages sent each day, and many of these mention investing in penny stocks. Spam isn’t a very reliable investment source, right? Does that mean that all penny stocks are, essentially, some sort of scam?

Penny stock scam is a sad fact of using the Internet. It’s possible for people to lose 8% of their investment when falling for these penny stock scams online. Often, these penny stocks do not exist or they do not exist at the advertised price. This type of scam is called a “pump and dump.” Yes, there are some scams on the Internet that center around penny stocks.

This does not mean that all penny stocks are a scam, or even a bad investment. There are some penny stocks that can make investors a good amount of profit, in fact…just not the ones you find advertised in spam. Stopping yourself from investing in those penny stocks is a great idea, but deciding never to invest in penny stocks of any kinds because of that may not be.

Yes, there are considered a high-risk investment, but it’s also possible to turn a pretty profit by using penny stocks. In most cases, there is a certain finesse needed to invest in these stocks, as they rarely trade and sometimes things happen with penny stocks very quickly. Investors have to know what’s happening all the time and be ready to make a move when needed – making penny stocks somewhat exciting and interesting to trade in. This is why some investors like them.

Don’t let Internet scams scare you away. There are a lot of Internet job scams, too, where so-called “employers” offer to pay you lots of money to do something simple like answer surveys or surf the “Net. In many cases, these “job offers” turn out to be nothing but an Internet scam, and a clever ploy to try and get your hard-earned money. But you don’t let Internet job scams keep you from working – so don’t let Internet penny stock scams keep you from investing. That still means that the scam artists win, because they’re keeping you away from something.

To learn which penny stocks are potentially good investments and which are potentially bad, there’s lots you can do. Check the business journals and stock information, or ask a broker for more information and advice regarding penny stocks. There are good penny stocks out there, and there are investments out there where you can make a lot of money. By doing your research and looking into every possibility, you increase your chances of success in the stock market. And isn’t success what it’s all about?

If you’re interested in investing in penny stocks, you can’t let anything (even scams) stop you. Do what you want to do and invest your money where you think it’s best. After all, it’s your money and only you can decide what you want to do with it. Make the choice for you, not for any other reason.

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Stock Trading Computers – Are They Always Helpful?

Technology has outdone itself these days. May it be in simple means of communicating or in much more complicated business or moneymaking transactions, the use of the computer has become very apparent in most people’s lives.

In stock trading, the rise of the market transactions online has become quite prevalent over the past few years. Many institutional investors prefer to use sophisticated computer technology to assist them in making investment decisions. And many people argue that computers may just be better at picking stocks than traditional human brokers.

Although computers may perform a lot of sophisticated utilities, you may wonder whether or not these can really be better aids for trading as compared to traditional brokers. At the end of the day, remember that what technology has to offer are mere recommendations and ultimately, the decision is still up to you.

Taking The Emotions Out of Stocks

One of the most common arguments that many people who choose to make use of computer technology in trading is that by not having to deal with many emotions that human brokers may have in stock picking, then computers can offer more objective recommendations to the investor.

Because most computer programs cater to quantitative models by searching through layers of data to look for stocks that are compatible to be bought or sold, then the computer’s lack of the ability to become confused from human emotions can be very beneficial. Remember that by taking out human emotions like pride or greed, choosing the right investments in quantitative models can perhaps become more lucrative.

No System Is Perfect

Though computers can be very promising tools in trading, take note that no system is always perfect. Since humans are still responsible for building the said models in which computers revolve in, there fundamentally are sill biases in the system. And even the most sophisticated computers cannot always report for all the variances out there in the market, at least, not at the moment.

One very common problem encountered with the use of computers is that may times, computer programs often end up recommending the same stocks on their lists. And if a hundred of these programs analyze companies at the same time, then they would most likely be giving the same recommendations to so many clients. And at the end of the day, investors would still have to fight for stocks.

When many people generally want to invest in the same stock and the demand goes up, what happens in the market is that prices also go up, and this can be very bad for the investor.

And so, the ultimate question is whether or not computers are really helpful in making trading much easier for you. The answer is to this is yes and no.

Although computers can surely help you in so many ways by foregoing of the usual distracting human emotions and can even analyze data much faster, remember that it is still a system that has yet to be perfected. And despite the many benefits, there are underlying flaws that can still make the trading game a jungle to get involved in.

The stock market with its unpredictable behavior can surely be a difficult arena to take on. And so, take note that whatever assistance you would want to use, whether sophisticated computer equipment or more traditional brokers, at the end of the day, your decisions would still be the make or break factor in order to become successful in your endeavors.

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How you can make (or lose) money on penny stocks

As we have seen earlier, penny stocks carry higher risks and also can give greater returns. This actually means that you can either lose a lot of money by investing in penny stocks (because of the higher risk factor) or make a lot of money (because of the higher potential returns). Which of these happens to you will depend a lot (but not only) on how you go about assessing the investment. Before we go further, however, you should be aware that no matter how much care you may take there is a certain amount of risk associated with penny stocks, which is much higher than in the case of large cap, stock exchange registered stocks.

In order to assess whether you can make money out of a penny stock, you should understand how one makes money in the stock market. One of the returns that one gets from a stock investment is in the form of dividends. That however, is usually a very small portion of the returns that one gets from stock investment. The major returns come from appreciation in the price of the stocks. The prices of stocks are assessed using different yardsticks or parameters. The first of these is the return on investment. If the return on a stock is 10% and the price earnings ratio is 10, for example, the stock would be priced at ten time the earnings or 100% of issue price. In other words this stock would be traded at its face value. From this we can see that the price would depend on two things, the absolute return and the price-earnings ratio.

The second important factor that affects the price is the book value of the stock, which is basically computed as a figure that represents the assets available in the company against each stock. For example, if a company has net assets of $100,000 and has issued 10,000 shares, the value of each share under this method would be $10.

The price of a share is also valued on the basis of a few other criteria. However, the most important factor from the market point of view is the returns that the stock generates. The value under this method would depend on the earnings and the price-earnings ratio. The latter is a matter of perception that will depend on the risks associated with the stock. This perception will undergo changes depending on the history of performance of the organization, the available information about the company and its prospects, and the market buzz about impending major events in the company (for example a takeover by a major organization).

Of these, the most important from the long-term point of view is the consistency and quantum of earnings from the long term and the direction of the price-earnings ratio in the short term. As an investor what you need to assess and be aware of are

– Is the company stable enough to sustain its earnings and growth? Who are the promoters? How long has it been in business? Answers to these and other such questions

– How is the market perception of the company? How is it likely to change?

– How are the “fundamentals”? Does the company have a good asset base? Does it enjoy a good business?

Finally, the old adage “don’t put all your eggs in one basket” is true to a greater extent in the case of penny stocks. So invest a little at a time and don’t put all your money on one or a few such stocks.

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