What are penny stocks?

Penny Stock: The penny stocks or shares are an investment options for those who have a small amount for investment and are willing to take risk. These stocks are generally available in very small amount and even a small investor can take a risk of investing few cents in these stocks.

Although there is some risk associated with every investment in financial market, penny stocks are good option for investment if you have some disposable amount, as here a small amount will be at risk. Broker or dealers trade these stocks and it is better to understand the financial terms associated with penny stocks. I would like to add that if you are looking some penny stocks for investment, you should learn more about penny stocks and you can find the relevant information about the subject on stock newsletter and message boards.

Stock Trading: Penny stocks are very speculative and have a market capitalization of around 500 million. These stocks are traded over the counter and the trading is governed by the SEC rules and guidelines on penny stocks. U.S Securities and Exchange Commission have laid down some rules for investment and trading in penny stocks and a beginner should keep these rules in mind before buying or trading in penny stocks.

SEC Rules on Penny Stocks: Broker-dealer registration compliance is must before buying or trading any penny stocks. A broker or dealer should get a written request and thereafter should approve the investor.

SEC further rules that a customer desirous to purchase a penny stock should be provided a document mentioning the risk involved in the penny stock. The broker or dealer should also inform the customer the current market rate of the penny stock and the commission that will be charged by the broker.

The provisions made in the appropriate sections also put a mandatory requirement of providing monthly statement to the investor showing rates of each penny stock held by the investor in his account.

Sometimes the other terms such as small caps and micro cap are also used for these companies and The United States Securities and Exchange Commission has defined penny stock as a low-priced below $ 5.0 speculative securities of very small companies.
Many small companies have low assets and offer the stocks at very low price. These low price stocks known as penny stocks are traded over the counter generally in low volumes.

The Securities and Exchange Commission strictly adheres that penny stock is low priced speculative stock and the term penny stock does not relate on market capitalization or it’s trading at the exchanges (NYSE, NASDAQ) or over the counter.

Summary: Penny stock’s definition by the Securities and Exchange commission is strictly on the basis of its value and it does not depend on other parameters such as the companies market capitalization or its listing. Investor should carefully examine all the factors associated with penny stocks before investing in them.

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Penny stocks market

Penny Stocks: There is full-fledged market for the penny stocks, however these stocks have very limited liquidity. One of the reasons for the penny stock market‘s volatility is its limited liquidity, however the penny stock markets are very popular.

Penny stocks, sometimes also termed as micro cap are low priced stocks generally traded in over the counter market. Most of the stocks are available in a penny that’s why these are known as penny stocks.

The penny stocks are generally offered by a company having less than 3 years in business and have less than $5 million net tangible assets or a company has at least 3 years in business and has under $2 million net tangible assts or a company has $6 million revenue for 3 years.

Over The Counter Bulletin Board: OTCBB (Over the counter bulletin board) provides complete information for more than 3000 stocks including real time quotes display, last sale price and volumes. These equities are generally not traded in any national stock exchanges. The OTCBB electronically provide real time quote for domestic as well as foreign stocks and ADRs and also displays previous days trading activity in DPPs. More than 200 market makers are registered at the OTCBB. Over the counter bulletin boards are preferred over pink sheets.

Pink Sheets: Pink sheets is published and maintained by Pink Sheets LLC and it displays bid and asked quotation prices of different penny stocks. Companies listed in pink sheets are most risky as most of the companies easily meet the minimum requirement for listing.
Penny stocks at pink sheets are thinly traded. Many companies pay traders for selling these penny stocks and thus brokers uses all fraudulent activities to sell the shares and evade money from people.

Market Makers: In some of the cases, only a few market makers are actively involved in a specific penny stocks and buy and sell these specific securities only. Dealing with a market maker is preferable, as the market maker not only sells the specific stocks but it also buys the stocks. Around 230 market makers are approved by the OTCBB and these market makers buy and sell stocks on regular basis. It is also preferable to see that more number of market makers is available for specific stocks. Lower number of market makers can influence or manipulate the specific stocks. In such a case the investment in the specific penny stock is risky as these few market makers can control the prices of the stocks and thus can keep a wide gap between the sale and buying prices of the stock. In recent past some of the market makers were found to involve in the fraudulent activities.

Summary: There is a full-fledged market of penny stocks and penny stocks are traded at over the counter bulletin boards (OTCBB) and pink sheets. OTCBB is governed by the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission of United States.

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